Legends and Traditions”
Pretzels are a fun way to make a yeast bread together.”
Ingredients for Soft Pretzels
Book(s) with bread or grain food stories or legends.
- Explore legends related to a staple bread or grain
- Identify staple
or traditional foods from several cultures, including your family
- Select a bread-with-a legend or tradition to prepare.
- There are many food myths, legends and traditions related to staple
foods we enjoy. Discuss or read one related to bread.
- Name three breads or
grain foods you enjoy that are not originally from your family’s history. Other cultures’ food
staples are quickly adopted in America. For example, the tortilla
fastest growing bread product in America. It is becoming a staple
for many non-Hispanics!
- Flat breads of all types (tortillas,
chapattis, pita, naan, focaccia) are fun and easy to prepare. In
the countries where they are staples,
they are often prepared by hand.
- Wash hands and prepare
a staple or legendary bread.
ACTIVITY: Soft Pretzels
Makes 24, (1.5 oz.) pretzels
cup warm water (100-110°F)
1 pkg.(1/4 oz) active dry yeast
1 cup warm milk (100- 110°F)
2 tablespoons vegetable oil
2 tablespoons sugar
1 ½ teaspoons salt
4 to 4 ½ cups all-purpose
flour or half whole wheat
1 egg, lightly beaten with 1 tablespoon water
Poppy or sesame seeds, seasoned or coarse salt
- Place warm water in large warm bowl. Sprinkle in yeast; stir
- Add milk, oil, sugar, salt and 1 1/2 cups flour;
blend well. Mix in additional flour to make soft dough. Knead on
lightly floured surface until smooth and elastic, about 5 minutes.
- Place in greased bowl, turning to grease top. Cover; let rise
until doubled in size, about 30 minutes.
- Punch dough down; divide
into 24 pieces. Roll each piece to 16-inch rope. To make pretzels,
curve ends of each rope to make circle; cross ends at top. Twist
ends once and lay down over bottom of circle.
- Place pretzels on
greased baking sheets. Cover; let rest in warm, draft-free place
for 5 to 10 minutes, until risen slightly.
- Preheat oven to 350. F.
Brush pretzels with beaten egg mixture and sprinkle with selected
- Bake at 350°F. for
35 minutes or until golden. Cool on wire rack.
FOR FAMILY FUN EXPLORATION:
- When a family is short
of staple foods, it often doesn’t
eat well. What staple foods or ingredients would be important to
help provide to the local food pantry or congregate food site? How
could your group help? (Check out: www.harvesters.org or ask a local
food bank to speak with your group.)
- Determine one way you can help
provide staples for a community food pantry or soup kitchen.
A story handed down from the past.
A major product or part (of daily life)
The passing down
of elements of a culture from generation to generation.
II New Riverside Pocket Dictionary 1991
for Reading Together
Tony’s Bread. De Paola,
Tomie. 1989. G.P. Putnam’s Sons.
Walter the Baker. Carle, Eric. Simon & Schuster, NY. 1995.
Loaves of Fun. Harbison, Elizabeth M. 1997. Chicago Review Press. A
history of bread with activities and recipes from around the world.