breads that nourish people and families all over the world
- Mixing bowl
- Dry and liquid measuring
- Mixing spoon
- Flat bread ingredients
(flour, cornmeal, salt, water-opt. grated cheese or jelly)
- Electric skillet or griddle;
vegetable oil to grease surface
- Extension cord if needed
- Pancake turner, hot pads
- Vinyl tablecloth for table
- 1 ½ cups all-purpose
- 1 cup cornmeal
- 1 cup water
- ½ teaspoon salt
- Vegetable oil cooking
- Optional: shredded cheese
- Mix flour, cornmeal,
water and salt in a bowl.
- On lightly floured surface,
knead dough a few strokes until smooth.
- Cover dough and let rest
- Divided dough into 8 to
16 equal pieces.
- Using rolling pin or hands
flatten into circles about 1/8 inch thick.
- Spray a griddle or pan
lightly with cooking spray; heat on medium high heat.
- Fry breads until light
golden and speckled, turning once.
- Stack between cloth towel
to keep warm. Enjoy plain or with cheese or honey.
Source: Native Americans,
Creative Teaching Press/Kansas Wheat Commission Test Kitchen
FOR READING TOGETHER:
- American Indian Cooking
Before 1500. Mary Gunderson. 2001.
- Bread, Bread, Bread. Ann Morris and Ken Heyman. 1993. (Also available as a Reading Rainbow
video at some public libraries.)
- Children of the Earth
and Sky. Stephen Krensky. 1996.
- Prairie Day. Adapted
from The Little House Books. Laura Ingalls Wilder. 1997.
FOR FAMILY FUN EXPLORATION:
- What food group is Flat
Bread in? (Grain group)
- Who might have made flat
bread in this country? (Native Americans, settlers, pioneers, hunters
- How many pieces of flat
bread did we get one recipe? (10-12)
- Why do children need
9 servings of grain foods everyday? (Bodies and brains need energy
to work. Bread gives us the energy to work right plus vitamins, minerals
and fiber the body needs.)
- Does everyone eat the
same kind of bread? Why not?
- Can you name some different
kinds of bread? Are there some that are special in your family?
- Native Americans might
have eaten flat breads made with other ingredients. Wheat was not
grown in America until after the explorers came here. Can you name
some seeds and nuts they might have ground and used in their bread?
(sunflower, pine, acorns, walnuts)